16 Trigeminal Neuralgia Treatments: What Can Help Me?
Trigeminal neuralgia causes
This type of pain can be triggered by the slightest breeze or touch to the face. Other triggers include eating, talking, smiling, and taking a shower with water on the face.
Primary causes of trigeminal neuralgia seem to be any trauma or injury to the trigeminal nerve but may also include:
- Multiple sclerosis
- Herpes zoster (shingles)
Trigeminal neuralgia symptoms
Symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia can include:
- Pain in the cheek, jaw, teeth, gums, or lips (less frequently the eyes and forehead)
- Severe pain that feels like an electric shock
- Pain triggered by light touch or movement
- Intermittent pain punctuated by periods of relief
- Burning or aching that turns into sharp pain
- Pain on just one side of the face
- Pain that occurs more often and more intensely over time
Trigeminal neuralgia is sometimes misdiagnosed as migraine. While migraine pain can last for hours and is typically experienced behind the eyes, trigeminal neuralgia symptoms are experienced in shorter bursts, largely centered on the face.
Proper diagnosis is crucial to the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia, as treatments for other pain syndromes are usually unsuccessful.