Is neurofeedback effective for treating ADHD?

Criticisms of neurofeedback

While some studies have shown promising results, critics point out that several of these studies had design flaws. Flaws in a study can make it hard to prove whether a technique is effective.

Many authors have called for further research. Some researchers have criticized neurofeedback as a moneymaking scam, while others have voiced concern about the lack of guidelines.

Authors of a 2016 study noted that, while neurofeedback is noninvasive, available evidence has not proven its effectiveness. In addition, they wrote:

“It is expensive, time-consuming and its benefits are not long-lasting. Also, it might take months to show the desired improvements.”

Is it safe?

Neurofeedback is nonintrusive, and proponents claim that it is safe.

However, adverse side effects can include:

  • mental fatigue
  • old feelings returning, for example in vivid dreams, before they disappear permanently
  • dizziness, nausea, and light sensitivity in people who have experienced head trauma


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Cost and insurance
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